William Barclay, The Daily Study Bible, Revised Edition, Westminster Press, Philadelphia, various dates.
Bruce Barton, ed., Life Application Bible Study Notes, Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, IL, 1991.
James Montgomery Boice, The Parables of Jesus, Moody Bible Institute, Chicago, 1983
Madeline I. Bouchard,The Parables, Michael Glazier, Inc., Wilmington, DE, 1981
Mary Ann Getty-Sullivan, Parables of the Kingdom, Liturgical Press, Collegeville, MN, 2007
Herbert Lockyer, Sr., ed., Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1986.
I. Howard Marshall, etal, eds., New Bible Dictionary, third edition, Intervarsity Press, 1996.
James L. Mays, ed., Harper's Bible Commentary, Harper, 1988.
G. Douglas Young, ed., Young's Compact Bible Dictionary, Tyndale House, 1989.
(Zondervan) Bible Study Helps, 1984. (Included in NIV Bible editions published by Zondervan Publishing House.)